Laundering of money is a criminal activity that includes the act of hiding assets to avoid any
possible discovery of the illegal activities that fashioned them (Harrison and Ryder, 2017).
Consequently, it has now become a familiar criminal activity.
(1) identify the appropriate law, and offences that is committed through the act.
The United Kingdom applies some of the most developed and strict set of laws and regulations
on money laundering, fraud and terrorist financing across the globe. The United Kingdom (UK)
has largely defined money laundering offences which involve any form of criminal approaches
and can be committed simply by possessing illegal property and the suspicion that it represents
the proceeds of crime (Norton 2018). The UK has laws and regulations that govern all sectors
and professionals such as lawyers, financial institutions and accountants, with criminal sanctions
and extensive reporting requirements in case of any breach.
Prosecutors and investigators who are concerned with money laundering offences have extensive
powers and are supported by many international cooperation agreements.
The relevant laws that are used to fight money laundering include the Fraud Act 2006, Proceeds
of Crime Act 2002, and the Terrorism Act 2000 (Aurasu, & Rahman 2018). According to the
Terrorism Act 2000, acts of terrorism include acts of individuals in connection with, or on behalf
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of, any organizations that carry out activities directed towards influencing, overthrowing the UK
government (Harrison, and Ryder 2016). All UK citizens are prohibited from supporting such a
group financially. According to the Fraud Act 2006, fraud is categorized into three including
fraud by false representation, fraud by abuse of a position and fraud by failing to disclose
information, (Gilmour 2016). As such, a person who gives false information or any lawyer who
represents a person accused of owning false property can be charged of money laundering under
the Fraud Act of 2006.
The main purpose of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002 is to ensure maintenance of a sound
society by regulating all activities that disguise the acquisition of criminal proceeds linked to
crimes such as concealing criminal proceeds for the purpose of encouraging crime or assets as
legitimately acquired. Another offense under this law us concealing or transferring proceeds to
avoid confiscation or prosecution.
(ii) Explain the safety measure to be adopted by professionals to discourage them from taking
part in the activity of money laundering.
The United Kingdom’s financial system faces high risks of being used to launder significant
amounts of corrupt money through various professional enablers in the property and legal
professions (Hopton 2016). According to the UK national risk assessment of terrorist financing
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and money laundering, the banking system, the legal services and accountancy sectors are at a
high risk of exposure to handling corrupt money (Alexander 2016). Professionals need to
understand that the same factors that make UK an attractive place for doing business including
political stability, advanced legal systems, better professional services and a widely understood
language are the same reasons that attract proceed of crimes such as laundering (Hopkins, &
Shelton 2018).
Measures professionals may take to safeguard themselves against money laundering include the
First, during transactions, a professional should ask a lot of questions to establish if the source of
money is legitimate or if the business proposal sends alerts to possible money laundering
(Hopton, 2016). Secondly, professional should learn about money laundering schemes and keep
updates. Criminals will always develop new tactics such as falsifying invoices, wire transfers,
conversion of cash to financial instruments, online auctions, and over-billing. Professionals such
as lawyers representing business must ensure that their clients are legitimately acquiring money.
Thirdly, a professional should do due diligence. Before representing a person in court or
doing business with them, it is advisable to thoroughly investigate their financial transactions
(Ryder 2015). Fourthly, Professionals should also apply the formal policies that are established
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by the government and firms. Such policies include company instructions on specific actions
such as accounting and cash handling procedures. Lastly, every professional should maintain
his/her privacy. Post professionals in positions of power easily become targets of money launders
once they access their personal information especially health related information.

Reference List
Alexander, R.C.H., 2016. Insider dealing and money laundering in the UK: law and regulation.
Aurasu, A. and Abdul Rahman, A., 2018. Forfeiture of criminal proceeds under anti-money
laundering laws: A comparative analysis between Malaysia and United Kingdom (UK). Journal
of Money Laundering Control, 21(1), pp.104-111.
Gilmour, N., 2016. Understanding the practices behind money laundering–A rational choice
interpretation. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 44, pp.1-13.
Harrison, K. and Ryder, N., 2016. The law relating to financial crime in the United Kingdom.
Hopkins, M., & Shelton, N., 2018. Identifying Money Laundering Risk in the United Kingdom:
Observations from National Risk Assessments and a Proposed Alternative Methodology.
European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 1-20.
Hopton, D., 2016. Money laundering: A concise guide for all business. Gower.
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Norton, S.D., 2018. Suspicion of money laundering reporting obligations: Auditor compliance,
or skeptical failure to engage?. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 50, pp.56-66.
Ryder, N., 2015. Money laundering and the United Kingdom: A haven for dirty money and an
endless cycle? A critical reflection on the United Kingdom’s anti-money laundering policies.
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