One Author
It is recommended to clean your teeth after dinner (Anderson 2015).
Anderson (2015) recommends cleaning your teeth after dinner.
Two Authors
Some students may actually enjoy writing papers (Ironicous &
Sarcastish 2016).
According to Ironicous and Sarcastish (2016), some students may
actually enjoy writing papers.
Three Authors
Gas giants do not have a hard surface (Peachy, Fluffy & Cozy 2014).
According to Peachy, Fluffy and Cozy (2014), gas giants do not have a
hard surface.
Four or More Authors
Punishing children physically is considered an extremely harmful
practice (Kickbutt et al. 2016).
Example by savvyessaywriters.com
Kickbutt et al. (2016) states that punishing children physically is an
extremely harmful practice.
Edited Source
Disaster management is pivotal for lowering risks (eds López-Carresi et
al. 2014).
According to the book edited by López-Carresi et al. (2014), disaster
management is pivotal for lowering risks.
Note: in a parenthetical citation, if there is only one editor, use “ed.”
before the name. If there are multiple editors, use “eds” (without a period)
before their names. If you mention their names in the text, just say that the
source was “edited by” before listing the name(s).
No Authors
If the authors of a source are not mentioned, use the title of that source in
your in-text citation. Note that in Harvard system of referencing, the title is
italicized for books, brochures, periodicals, and reports. However, the title is
Example by savvyessaywriters.com
put in single quotation marks when you need to cite a website, article,
newspaper, or chapter name. Only capitalize the first word of the title.
For books, periodicals, brochures, and reports:
Some people might work well under pressure (The psychology of
pressure: an introduction 2010).
According to The psychology of pressure: an introduction (2010), some
people might work well under pressure.
For newspapers, articles, chapter titles, and Web pages:
It is helpfully advised to act wisely in any situation (‘Ten brilliant tips to
become successful’ 2011).
The article ‘Ten brilliant tips to become successful’ (2011) helpfully
recommends to act wisely in any situation.
Also, you may shorten the title if it is too long. For instance, in the
example above, you may write just The psychology of pressure (2010) instead
of The psychology of pressure: an introduction (2010).
Example by savvyessaywriters.com
No Date
If there is no date in the source, use the abbreviation “n.d.” (no date)
instead. All the other rules apply as usual.
It is stated that the Earth is large (‘The captain’s gazette’ n.d.)
One might not be surprised to learn that having a lot of money is better
than having none, according to Allen (n.d.).
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